ABSTRACT

Sourcing and Use of Minerals Needed for Clean Energy Technologies, Hearing Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixteenth Congress, First Session, September 17, 2019   [open pdf - 14MB]

This is the September 17, 2019 hearing on "The Sourcing and Use of Minerals Needed for Clean Energy Technologies" held before the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. From the opening statement of Lisa Murkowski: "We are here this morning to discuss the minerals needed for clean energy technologies, particularly renewable energy. I will just make a simple observation here. If we do not address our domestic mineral supply chains, we will dramatically lower the chances that America can lead the world on renewable energy and other key industries of the future. Minerals are the fundamental building blocks for any modern technology, whether they are light bulbs or computers or airplanes. In the energy world, batteries don't work without lithium, without graphite, cobalt and nickel. Solar panels require silver, gallium, indium and tellurium, and wind turbines are built not just from steel, but also from aluminum, from copper and rare earth elements. We all know that these minerals just don't appear out of thin air. They are mined from the ground. They are processed. They are refined into materials that can be manufactured into an end product." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Daniel Simmons, Allison Carlson, W. Robert Kang, Morgan D. Bazilian, and Mark P. Mills.

Report Number:
S. Hrg. 116-336; Senate Hearing 116-336
Publisher:
Date:
2021
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
U. S. Government Publishing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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