New Normal: Integrating Wireless Sensor Network Systems into Fire Service Tactical Operations [open pdf - 2MB]
From the thesis Abstract: "In the early 2000s, a key study revealed that firefighters often lack accurate information at fires. It found that in 17 incidents between 1979 and 2001, firefighter disorientation contributed to 23 fatalities. In each of these incidents, firefighters ran out of air from disorientation in prolonged, zero-visibility conditions where the fire had caused structural collapse or blocked egress. If there were a way to locate the fire faster, fewer firefighters would become disoriented, thereby saving lives. Thus, there is a pressing need for advanced alarms that provide firefighters with not only a geolocational reading of each alarm, but the temperature and smoke density as well. Such a system could also provide a map through Bluetooth connectivity to a firefighter's thermal imaging camera, allowing a firefighter to locate the fire faster. In theory, replacing standard smoke alarms with this proposed new system would provide visual data on the fire to help determine its growth, allow for quicker fire extinction, and prevent future firefighter fatalities. Using a modified version of George Heilmeier's catechism, this thesis lays out the blueprint for a new sensor technology to be integrated with current fire alarm plans to help firefighters locate fires more swiftly and safely."
Naval Postgraduate School, Dudley Knox Library: https://calhoun.nps.edu/