From the Document: "On June 28, 2021, the House passed H.R. 2225, the National Science Foundation for the Future Act [hyperlink], which would authorize appropriations and certain activities. One provision would establish a 'National Secure Data Service' (NSDS) demonstration project [hyperlink]. The proposal relates to a recommendation from an earlier Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking (CEP) [hyperlink]. Among other things, CEP was charged [hyperlink] with considering [hyperlink] whether a federal government 'clearinghouse' for program and survey data should be established. CEP interpreted 'clearinghouse' [hyperlink] to mean 'a data storage facility that permanently stores records from multiple databases from multiple agencies and, therefore, grows with each new data linkage.' CEP rejected the clearinghouse model, however, citing [hyperlink] 'well-founded concerns about the potential privacy harm such a clearinghouse could raise.' Instead, it recommended [hyperlink] establishment of an NSDS, which would 'temporarily link existing data and provide secure access to those data for exclusively statistical purposes in connection with approved projects' and 'do this without creating a data clearinghouse or warehouse.' This Insight discusses NSDS proposals, related background, and potential issues for Congress."
CRS Insight, IN11717
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/