From the Document: "On May 1-2, 2021, the newly seated National Assembly of El Salvador, now dominated by President Nayib Bukele's New Ideas party, dismissed [hyperlink] the five magistrates on the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court and the attorney general and replaced them with allies of the president. The dismissals, enforced by the police, reportedly occurred in retaliation for the attorney general's investigations of corruption [hyperlink] in Bukele's Cabinet and court rulings that Bukele violated the constitution [hyperlink] in ruling by decree during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Since May 2021, government harassment of civil society, independent media, and the opposition has increased, prompting U.S. concern. Biden Administration officials and some Members of Congress have expressed concerns about democracy in El Salvador, which is located in the 'Northern Triangle' [hyperlink] region of Central America. On May 2, Secretary of State Antony Blinken called [hyperlink] President Bukele to express concern about the dismissals and democratic backsliding. High-level visits, including that of U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Samantha Power [hyperlink]; the reprogramming [hyperlink] of U.S. foreign aid from supporting government agencies to supporting civil society; and two State Department reports to Congress identifying Bukele officials as corrupt have reiterated U.S. concerns. On May 19, the House Foreign Affairs Committee reported H.Res. 408, urging the Salvadoran government to respect the country's democratic institutions."
CRS Insight, IN11658
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/