From the Document: "In 2019, the World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled in favor of the United States in two cases that the U.S. Office of the Trade Representative (USTR) filed against China, alleging that China's agricultural policies were inconsistent with its WTO obligations. While China agreed to conform to the WTO rulings, USTR contends that Beijing failed to act by the agreed-upon deadlines and has requested authorization to retaliate by raising tariffs on certain imports from China. The choice of products to target would be up to the U.S. government."
CRS Insight, IN11469
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/