Title I of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): A Summary of the Statute [Updated July 20, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "In 1976, President Ford signed into law the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to identify and regulate chemicals in U.S. commerce that present an 'unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment' or an imminent hazard. In proposing the legislative framework for TSCA, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) of President Nixon's Administration highlighted concerns with risks from metals (e.g., lead, cadmium, mercury, and vanadium), metal compounds, and synthetic organic chemicals (e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls, nitrilotriacetic acid, orthonitrochlorobenzene). CEQ noted that pollution control and consumer or occupational safety statutes in effect at the time limited the federal government to controlling pollution at the end of the chemical lifecycle or restricting chemicals that have specific uses (e.g., pesticides, food). [...] This report summarizes the major authorities of TSCA through the following topics: 1. the overall scope and applicability of authorities under TSCA; 2. the information gathering authorities; 3. the confidentiality and disclosure of information submitted to EPA under the act; 4. the framework for prioritizing chemicals for evaluation, evaluating risks, and regulating those chemicals that present unreasonable or imminent risks; 5. the applicability of the act to chemical imports; 6. the requirements for chemical export notification; 7. the process of filing citizen petitions and bringing citizen suits; 8. the enforcement of the act; 9. the federal and state roles under the act; and 10. the resources to administer the act."
CRS Report for Congress, R45149
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/