From the Introduction: "The COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic has had a profound impact on people's health and their livelihoods. By mid-March 2021, the pandemic had led to 119,000 excess deaths in the UK and in 2020 caused a 9.9% drop in GDP [gross domestic product]. The UK government and devolved governments have taken far-reaching action in attempts to suppress the virus: schools closed, routine health care suspended, and businesses and community facilities shut down. People's experiences of the pandemic have varied greatly. Not everyone faced the same risk of exposure to the virus nor equivalent severity in health outcomes. The measures taken to suppress the virus have affected people's lives and livelihoods differently - with both immediate and longer term consequences for people's health and wellbeing. [...] This report explores how the same factors contributing to this widening of health inequalities exposed the UK to a high death toll and reduced people's ability to deal with the subsequent economic shock. Drawing on an extensive body of evidence, this report identifies what has driven such outcomes during the pandemic."
2021 The Health Foundation
The Health Foundation: https://www.health.org.uk/