Effectiveness and Implementation of 4-Poster Deer Self-Treatment Devices for Tick-Borne Disease Prevention: A Potential Component of an Integrated Tick Management Program [open pdf - 4MB]
From the Executive Summary: "In the last decade, the reported incidence of tick-borne disease has increased significantly in the United States. Climate change is projected to alter the geographic and seasonal distribution of existing vectors and risk of vector-borne diseases. Resilient public health preparedness efforts and climate adaptation plans could mitigate the anticipated change in tick-borne disease risk. Health departments and other local jurisdictions have a variety of options available to combat the spread of tick-borne illness. Assessing public health interventions, Step 3 of CDC's [U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) framework, is a necessary step before choosing an intervention strategy. This document seeks to provide guidance on one potential intervention activity, and provides a summary of peer-reviewed and grey literature to determine the effectiveness of the 4-Poster self-treatment bait station device for controlling tick populations among white-tailed deer '(Odocoileus virginianus)' hosts. Procedures for implementation of the 4-Poster device, occupational health and safety guidelines, and other considerations relating to 4-Poster device usage that may impact effectiveness are discussed."
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/