Surfside Building Collapse: The Role of the National Construction Safety Team Act and the National Institute of Standards and Technology [June 30, 2021] [open pdf - 479KB]
From the Document: "Following the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks, there was a recognition among policymakers that no federal agency had principal responsibility for investigating building failures. To address this gap, Congress enacted the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act (P.L. 107- 231) in October 2002 authorizing the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a non-regulatory agency of the Department of Commerce, to establish teams to investigate building failures. NCST Act authorities are similar to those of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the federal agency that investigates transportation accidents. [...] This In Focus describes NIST's authorities under the NCST; the process for deciding to conduct an NSCT investigation; examples of past NIST construction and in-service failure investigations; and NIST's role in the development of building codes, standards, and practices."
CRS In Focus, IF11867
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/