From the Document: "Japan and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) have vowed to go ahead [hyperlink] with the 2020 Olympic Summer Games beginning on July 23, 2021; the games were postponed in 2020 due to the global Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Japan has curbed the pandemic to under 14,954 total deaths [hyperlink] out of a population of around 125 million, a per capita rate around 15 times higher than the United States has experienced. The virus has continued to spread, due in part to the emergence of more communicable variants and Japan's slow progress on vaccinating the population [hyperlink]. In July 2021, the Japanese government declared a state of emergency [hyperlink] in several cities, including Tokyo, that will extend through August 22 and confirmed that no spectators would be permitted at the Games. Two weeks before the opening ceremonies, Japan's daily infections surpassed 2,000 per day, with nearly half of those in Tokyo [hyperlink]. Japan's national vaccination campaign started in mid-February--about two months after many other developed countries. Japan trails behind the United States and other countries in vaccinating its population, presenting increased risk for any Japanese athletes and volunteers that may attend the Games. A cautious vaccine approval process and a cumbersome bureaucratic approach to vaccination led to a slow rollout, though the pace of vaccinations increased in June. As of mid-July, around 28% of Japan's population had received at least one dose of the vaccine [hyperlink]."
CRS Insight, IN11691
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/