From the Background: "The RCV [robotic combat vehicle] is a vehicle being developed as part of the Army's Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV) family of vehicles, which also includes the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle (OMFV), Mobile Protected Firepower (MPF), and the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV). As part of the NGCV program, the Army plans to develop three RCV variants: Light, Medium, and Heavy. The Army reportedly envisions employing RCVs as 'scouts' and 'escorts' for manned OMFVs, where they could precede OMFVs into battle to deter ambushes and to guard the flanks of OMFV formations. As originally planned, RCVs would be controlled by operators riding in NGCVs, but the Army hopes that improved ground navigation technology and artificial intelligence (AI) will eventually permit a single operator to control multiple RCVs or for RCVs to operate in a more operator-independent manner."
CRS In Focus, IF11876
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/