Value and Viability of the South China Sea Arbitration Ruling: The U.S. Perspective 2016-2020 [open pdf - 981KB]
From the Introduction: "On July 12, 2016, an international arbitral tribunal issued a landmark ruling addressing a number of international law issues in the South China Sea. More than four years have passed since that ruling, and the South China Sea situation is unresolved. To phrase it less diplomatically: during this period, China and the Philippines, the States involved, have made minimal progress toward improving the situation, much less resolving it. Given these stagnant conditions, it should be asked: would Chinese and Philippine compliance with the ruling or adoption of the ruling, including its specific elements, by non-party States make this situation better? [...] The purpose of this article is to provide a more detailed review and analysis of the perspective of one non-claimant State--the United States--regarding the value and viability of the 2016 arbitration ruling. This article will examine the U.S. perspective from several vantage points. points."
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International Law Studies (2021), v.97, p.122-187