Sex Trafficking: Online Platforms and Federal Prosecutions, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Highlights: "Online marketing and communication platforms can enable sex trafficking-- the commercial sexual exploitation of adults through force, fraud or coercion, or children under the age of 18 (with or without force, fraud, or coercion)--by making it easier for traffickers to exploit victims and connect with buyers. Section 3 of FOSTA [Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act of 2017] established criminal penalties for those who promote or facilitate prostitution and sex trafficking through their control of online platforms. It also allows for those injured by an aggravated violation involving the promotion of prostitution of five or more people or reckless disregard of sex trafficking to recover damages in a federal civil action. It also makes federal criminal restitution mandatory for aggravated offenses contributing to sex trafficking. FOSTA includes a provision for GAO [Government Accountability Office] to provide detailed information on restitution and civil damages. This report examines: (1) DOJ [Department of Justice] enforcement efforts against online platforms that promote prostitution and sex trafficking, from 2014 through 2020; and (2) the extent to which criminal restitution and civil damages have been sought and awarded for aggravated violations under section 3 of FOSTA."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/