H. Rept. 117-49: DHS Medical Countermeasures Act, Report to Accompany H.R. 3263, June 1, 2021 [open pdf - 262KB]
From the Document: "H.R. 3263, the 'DHS Medical Countermeasures Act,' requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary to establish a medical countermeasures program to facilitate personnel readiness and protection for the Department's employees and working animals in the event of a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosives attack, naturally occurring disease outbreak, or pandemic, and to support Department mission continuity. First introduced in the 114th Congress, and passed by the House of Representatives in the 115th Congress as part of H.R. 2825, the 'Department of Homeland Security Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 2018 and 2019,' this legislation is responsive to findings of an August 2014 DHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) report entitled, 'DHS Has Not Effectively Managed Pandemic Personal Protective Equipment and Antiviral Medical Countermeasures.' At the time, it was developed due to concern about the possibility of a severe pandemic that could cause illnesses, fatalities, and disrupt U.S. economic and social stability. The concerns of the DHS OIG report were realized on December 31, 2019, when the World Health Organization (WHO) identified a media report from the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission in China regarding dozens of patients receiving treatment for a 'viral pneumonia' from an unknown source. The virus, 'severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2' (SARS-CoV-2), causes Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Since the initial cases, COVID-19 has resulted in a global pandemic. In the U.S. alone, the pandemic has resulted in the death of at least 590,000 people. COVID-19's impact was felt within the DHS workforce, which stands at more than 240,000 employees. With nearly 85 percent of the DHS personnel working on the frontlines and unable to work remotely or practice social distancing, keeping personnel safe during the pandemic has had homeland security implications."
H. Rept. 117-49; House Report 117-49
U.S. Government Publishing Office: https://www.gpo.gov/