Developing International Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use During Armed Conflict [open pdf - 631KB]
From the Introduction: "This article recounts the narrative of the development of the Guidelines [International Guidelines for the Protection of Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict] , between the formation of the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA or Global Coalition) and the formal launch of their final text in December 2014; it includes discussion of the legal and policy factors considered in their development. After describing the background, it comments on the strategic importance of education including from a military-strategic perspective. This is followed by an explanation of the relevant provisions of international human rights law (IHRL) and international humanitarian law/law of armed conflict (IHL/LOAC) applying to education in armed conflict. It then explains what is meant by 'military use' and why this became the focus of a concerted campaign mounted by civil society organizations and UN agencies. Next, it describes how the Guidelines were developed between May 2012 and July 2013 and the methodology behind their preparation. We include the Guidelines' text, briefly describe the SSD's [Safe Schools Declaration] progress, and deal with implementation and monitoring before describing their impact and drawing some conclusions. It is important to mention that the author was responsible for drafting the Guidelines and remains actively engaged with their advocacy."
U.S. Naval War College Digital Commons: https://digital-commons.usnwc.edu/
International Law Studies (2021), v.97 p.573-620