Judicial Nomination Statistics and Analysis: U.S. Circuit and District Courts, 1977-2020 [Updated May 18, 2021] [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Document: "In recent decades, the process for appointing judges to the U.S. circuit courts of appeals and the U.S. district courts has been of continuing Senate interest. The President and the Senate share responsibility for making these appointments. Pursuant to the Constitution's Appointments Clause, the President nominates persons to fill federal judgeships, with the appointment of each nominee also requiring Senate confirmation. Although not mentioned in the Constitution, an important role is also played midway in the appointment process by the Senate Judiciary Committee. The statistics presented in this report reflect congressional interest in issues related to the confirmation process for lower federal court nominees. Statistics are provided for each stage of the nomination and confirmation process--from the frequency of judicial vacancies that require a presidential nomination for a judgeship to be filled to the frequency of roll call votes (rather than the use of unanimous consent or voice votes) to confirm judicial nominees. Statistics are also provided related to the length of the confirmation process itself. Additional statistics provided relate to the demographic characteristics of circuit and district court nominees confirmed by the Senate. The period covered by the report, 1977 through 2020, includes every Administration from the Carter presidency to the Trump presidency. This period also includes every Congress from the 95th (1977-1978) through the 116th (2019-2020)."
CRS Report for Congress, R45622
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/