Israel: May 2021 Violence, Other Background, and U.S. Relations in Brief [Updated May 20, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "Israel has forged close bilateral cooperation with the United States in many areas; issues with significant implications for U.S.-Israel relations include the following:  Violence and unrest in May 2021 in and around the Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, and various Israeli cities.  Israeli domestic political issues, including questions about whether March 2021 election results will lead to a new government or more elections, while Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's criminal trial continues.  Israel's security cooperation with the United States.  Israeli-Palestinian issues and Israel's normalization of relations with various Arab states.  Concerns about Iran's nuclear program and regional influence, including with Lebanon-based Hezbollah.  Chinese investment in Israeli companies and infrastructure, and U.S. concerns about implications for U.S. national security."
CRS Report for Congress, R44245
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/