From the Document: "The Department of Defense (DOD) uses the term 'security cooperation' (SC) to refer broadly to DOD interactions with foreign security establishments. SC activities include  the transfer of defense articles and services;  military-to-military exercises;  military education, training, and advising; and  capacity building of partner security forces. SC programs are intended to encourage and enable partner nations (PNs) to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. They are considered a key tool for achieving U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives. These activities are executed through both DOD-administered SC programs (authorized under Title 10, U.S.C.) and DOD-implemented State Department (DOS) security assistance (SA) programs (authorized under Title 22, U.S.C.). Beyond grant-based programs, SC encompasses the Foreign Military Sales program and enables U.S. and PN collaboration on defense articles. The following sections focus on DOD 'Title 10' activities."
CRS In Focus, IF11677
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/