From the Overview: "On February 1, 2021, Burma's military, known as the Tatmadaw, seized control of Burma's Union Government and detained State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi (the country's de facto civilian leader) and members of her political party, the National League for Democracy (NLD). The NLD had won parliamentary elections held in November 2020, and the coup d'état came as the country's Union Parliament was preparing for its initial session. [...] The coup and subsequent events raise a series of difficult questions for U.S. policymakers and for Congress. These include: What leverage, if any, does the United States have to affect the actions of coup leaders, including discouraging the use of violence? What should the United States do, if anything, to support the shadow government and the civil disobedience movement? Should the United States impose broad economic sanctions that could effectively isolate it from Burma, as it did beginning in the 1980s? What new challenges may arise, including the possibility of new refugee flows to neighboring countries, or the deepening of the country's decades-long civil war? What are the prospects for further multilateral action, and how might the United States lead or participate?"
CRS Report for Congress, R46792
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/