Justices Consider Whether Treasury May Distribute CARES Act Funds for 'Indian Tribes' to Alaska Native Corporations [May 14, 2021] [open pdf - 661KB]
From the Document: "On April 19, 2021, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments [hyperlink] in Yellen v. Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Indian Reservation [hyperlink] ('Chehalis'). The case asks whether Alaska Native Corporations (ANCs) are 'Indian tribes' eligible to receive approximately $530 million [hyperlink] of the $8 billion allocated to 'Tribal governments' [hyperlink] in the Coronavirus Relief Fund provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act [hyperlink]). The 12 regional [hyperlink] and 200 village [hyperlink] ANCs are state-chartered corporations authorized [hyperlink] by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (ANCSA [hyperlink]) to receive proceeds of the settlement of Alaska Natives' aboriginal land claims. Unlike traditional Alaska Native villages, ANCs are not included on the Department of the Interior (DOI) list [hyperlink] of federally recognized tribes."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10598
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/