From the Introduction: "The CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] has noted that the confined nature of correctional facilities, combined with their congregate environments, 'heighten[s] the potential for COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] to spread once introduced' into a facility. According to BOP [Federal Bureau of Prisons] data, as of January 21, 2021, 44,806 inmates and 5,904 BOP staff in BOP-managed institutions and community-based facilities had tested positive for COVID-19. In those institutions where widespread inmate testing has been undertaken, including at two of the five facilities at Federal Correctional Complex (FCC) Butner in Butner, North Carolina, the percentage of inmates testing positive has been substantial. For example, of all FCC Butner inmates tested for COVID-19, over 50 percent tested positive as of June 11, 2020. Between May 6 and July 25, 2020, the OIG [Office of Inspector General] conducted a remote inspection of FCC Butner to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affected the complex and to assess the steps Butner officials took to prepare for, prevent, and manage COVID-19 transmission within its facilities."
Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General, Pandemic Response Report 21-031