From the Introduction: "'This paper presents a succinct summary of the existing economic literature on the economic and fiscal impact of the pandemic, and a preliminary estimate of the associated economic cost.' It documents the incidence of initial conditions (with a particular focus on the role of the labour market channel) on the transmission of the shock and the speed and extent of the expected recovery, summarizes how countries attempted to attenuate the economic consequences and the international financial institutions assisted countries, reports preliminary accounts of medium-term COVID [coronavirus disease]-related losses, and concludes with some forward-looking considerations based on the lessons learned in 2020."
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response Background Paper 13
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response: https://theindependentpanel.org/