From the Introduction: "Communities are defined by a common set of social relationships that formulate a shared identity amongst members of a community. There is no specific checklist for what defines a community, and communities may or may not be identified by shared geographic space such as a village or an urban neighborhood, in contrast to an ethnic group that may not have a specific geographic boundary. [...] The term community engagement is often used to describe the 'process of developing relationships that enable people of a community and organizations to work together to address health-related issues and promote well-being to achieve positive health impact and outcomes'. There is ample evidence that community engagement is vital for containing disease outbreaks as the recent Ebola outbreak showcased. Inadequate community engagement in designing, planning, and implementing interventions can lead to fear, mistrust, and lack of compliance to public health measures by communities. This paper reviews existing evidence on community engagement in the context of disease outbreaks, examples of community engagement during the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic, successes and challenges of these efforts, and the lessons learned to strengthen community resilience during future outbreaks."
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response, Background paper 10
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response: https://theindependentpanel.org/