From the Document: "During the initial stages of the pandemic, the world experienced a serious shortage of essential supplies. The situation was referred to by WHO [World Health Organization] Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus as 'one of the most urgent threats to our collective ability to save lives'. This global supply shortage was caused by factors such as lack of access provisions; poor stockpiling; overdependence on a few supplier countries; hoarding, panic buying and protectionism; travel cargo capacity restrictions; and a lack of immediate funding for procurement by LMICs [low- and middle-income countries]. The dynamics and key drivers of supply shortages varied by type of essential supply. The WHO and other institutions established the UN COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] Supply Chain System (CSCS) in response to the shortage. Survey results showed it provided ~50% of PPE [personal protective equipment], diagnostics, and biomedical supplies procured by LMICs. Even so it left an enormous gap in supply, as the system was only operationalized in May 2020 - months into the pandemic. Other major channels such as the World Bank did not sufficiently address the huge gap due to operational delays. This led to some positive changes as well- e.g., building of regional procurement capacity (e.g., in Africa) and manufacturing capacity for PPE in India. [...] This paper reviews how essential supplies such as personal protective equipment (PPE), test kits, and oxygen equipment were produced, allocated and delivered during the COVID-19 pandemic. It proposes ways in which the supply system can be managed differently to ensure equitable and effective access to these essential supplies."
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response Background Paper 7
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response
Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response: https://theindependentpanel.org/