ABSTRACT

Apportionment and Redistricting Following the 2020 Census [Updated April 27, 2021]   [open pdf - 802KB]

From the Document: "The census, apportionment, and congressional redistricting are interrelated processes that occur every decade. The U.S. Constitution [hyperlink] provides that a decennial census determines the distribution of U.S. House seats [hyperlink] across states. Dividing House seats across states is known as 'apportionment' [hyperlink] (or 'reapportionment'). Each state must receive one House seat and additional seats are distributed proportionally based on state population size. States then engage in 'redistricting', creating or redrawing geographic subdivisions with relatively equal-sized populations [hyperlink] for each House district. Timelines for the census and apportionment are provided in federal statute and generally occur as scheduled every decade. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, however, affected 2020 census field operations and delivery of apportionment figures, and concerns remain about timing for the redistricting processes that follow. This Insight provides background on the typical timing of the census, apportionment, and redistricting, as well as a brief discussion of recent census operational changes and proposals, particularly those related to congressional apportionment and redistricting."

Report Number:
CRS Insight, IN11360
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2021-04-27
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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