Information Environment: DOD Operations Need Enhanced Leadership and Integration of Capabilities, Statement of Joseph W. Kirschbaum, PhD, Director, Defense Capabilities and Management, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Cyber, Innovative Technologies, and Information Systems, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Highlights: "U.S. potential adversaries--including near-peer competitors Russia and China--are using information to achieve objectives below the threshold of armed conflict. DOD can use information operations [IO] to counter these activities. This testimony summarizes GAO's [Government Accountability Office] past work related to DOD's IO capabilities. Specifically, it discusses: (1) DOD's information operation terms and concept, and (2) DOD's actions to implement the 2016 DOD IO strategy and address oversight and integration challenges. This statement is based on GAO's August and October 2019 reports (GAO-19-510C and GAO-20- 51SU) and updates conducted in April 2021. [...] In prior work on which this testimony is based, GAO recommended that DOD take five actions to improve leadership and integration for information operations--including that the department should conduct a posture review to assess integration challenges. DOD disagreed with the recommendations. However, Section 1631 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 included several provisions related to our recommendations, such as one that required the Secretary of Defense to conduct a posture review."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/