From the Introduction: "As donor institutions and governments seek to provide relief and support recovery from the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic and global recession, CGD's [Center for Global Development's] new COVID-19 Gender and Development Initiative [hyperlink] aims to ensure that their policy and investment decisions equitably benefit women and girls. Through the initiative we seek to deepen decision-makers' understanding of the gendered impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and recession and the containment, economic, and social policy responses to them, as well as propose evidence-based solutions to support an inclusive recovery. Recognizing that the academic and policy dialogue around gender inequality in the COVID-19 context has largely emphasized challenges facing women and girls in high-income settings, our analysis centers on women and girls in low- and middle-income countries (LICs and MICs). In this paper, we examine the impact of the COVID-19 global recession on women's formal and informal work and employment in low- and middle-income countries, including entrepreneurship, wage and salaried work, work in subsistence and commercial agriculture, and unpaid housework and care work, and make recommendations to promote women's economic opportunities and empowerment. We begin with a brief summary of a conceptual framework developed by drawing on evidence of past crises' gendered impacts and women's and girls' coping strategies in response to crisis."
Center for Global Development Working Paper 575
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