Reporting Carbon Dioxide Injection and Storage: Federal Authorities and Programs [April 13, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a process designed to capture, store, and utilize carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and other industrial sources. Proponents of CCS expect the process to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Others have expressed concerns about the technical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of CCS projects in trapping and permanently storing CO2. As Congress continues to debate options to mitigate the impacts of climate change, some Members have shown increasing interest in federal policies and technical standards to track and report the CO2 injected underground and stored as part of CCS operations. [...] This report reviews relevant federal statutory provisions and regulations for measuring and reporting CO2 data associated with underground injection and storage and analyzes the connections among the authorities. The report also provides information on CO2 reported from GHGRP [Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program]-covered facilities since 2011 and trends in reporting over time. Finally, the report identifies potential policy issues related to collecting and reporting CO2 data for congressional consideration. This report does not review other reporting policies that may apply to CCS facilities, such as state air quality or state UIC regulations."
CRS Report for Congress, R46757
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/