Kyrgyz Voters Approve Strong Presidential System in Constitutional Referendum [April 21, 2021] [open pdf - 564KB]
From the Document: "On April 11, 2021, voters in the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) approved a new constitution that returns the country to a system of strong presidential rule after 10 years as Central Asia's only parliamentary republic. According to preliminary data [hyperlink], 79% voted in favor; turnout was 37%, meeting the 30% threshold for the referendum to be considered valid. While a strong presidency may appeal to Kyrgyz voters frustrated with the existing parliamentary system, international observers and Kyrgyz civil society activists warn that the new constitution may threaten Kyrgyzstan's democracy and move the country in a more authoritarian [hyperlink] direction. Human Rights Watch criticized [hyperlink] the document as 'undermin[ing] human rights norms and weaken[ing] checks and balances necessary to prevent abuses of power.'"
CRS Insight, IN11650
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/