FEMA Needs to Ensure the Cost Effectiveness of $945,640 That Los Angeles County, California Spent for Hazard Mitigation Under the Public Assistance Program [open pdf - 677KB]
From the Highlights: "The County [Los Angeles County, California] improperly claimed $945,640 more than the $780,511 that FEMA Region IX initially authorized to construct a wall to stabilize a damaged section of road. The County incurred the additional costs because, rather than adhere to the scope of work that FEMA authorized, it built a superior wall to lessen the susceptibility of damage that anticipated wildfires might cause in that location. FEMA Headquarters ultimately approved this funding and awarded the County both the initial $780,511 and an 'additional' $945,640 for the already-completed project. However, FEMA Headquarters did not provide a reasonable justification for its decision and did not perform a benefit/cost analysis as required to fund mitigation measures. As a result, FEMA and taxpayers had no assurance that the mitigations work was cost effective, as Federal regulations and FEMA guidelines require."
Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, Report No. OIG-15-40-D
Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General: https://www.oig.dhs.gov/