Expiration of the Discretionary Spending Limits: Frequently Asked Questions [April 8, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Document: "In 2011, during a period in which many Members of Congress expressed concern over rising budget deficits, the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA, P.L. 112-25) established legal limits on the amount of discretionary spending that could be provided each fiscal year. Under the BCA, for each fiscal year, two separate spending limits have been in effect: one for defense discretionary spending and one for nondefense discretionary spending. To enforce the spending limits, the law requires that if discretionary appropriations are enacted that exceed a statutory limit for a fiscal year, an automatic process, referred to as sequestration, is triggered to eliminate the excess spending. Under current law, the discretionary spending limits are in effect only through FY2021. Unless the limits are extended in law, there are no similar statutory limits for FY2022 or beyond. This report addresses several frequently asked questions related to the expiration of the discretionary spending limits."
CRS Report for Congress, R46752
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/