From the Document: "While observers note that exiting extremism is a common practice, there is a general lack of conceptually differentiated, empirically inclusive, and multi-method research on individual deradicalization and disengagement processes. This research gap has hindered our ability to make theoretically and empirically informed decisions about intervention, rehabilitation, and reintegration programs that are designed to assist individuals in exiting extremist groups. Addressing these needs requires developing a good understanding of the motivations to exit, their variation by type of exit process, timing, and ideology, and their compatibility with different intervention types. This project has been an attempt to address these research gaps. Building on the evaluation of individual radicalization processes in START [Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism]'s NIJ [National Institute of Justice]-funded Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization (EADR) project (2012-ZA-BX-0005), the Empirical Assessment of Domestic Disengagement and Deradicalization (EAD3) project employed a multi-method, interdisciplinary approach to evaluate the equifinite and multifinite processes by which individuals move away from extremist beliefs, behaviors, and associations."
Office of Justice Programs Document No.256039
Office of Justice Programs: https://www.ojp.gov/