Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Reauthorization: Issues for Congress [March 31, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA; Title IV of P.L. 103-322) was originally enacted in 1994 and has been reauthorized three times. It was last reauthorized in 2013 (P.L. 113-4). Congress has continued to appropriate funding for VAWA programs even though authorized appropriations expired at the end of FY2018. Each VAWA program funded in FY2018 received funding in each subsequent fiscal year through FY2021. [...] The Violence Against Women Act Reauthorization Act of 2021 (H.R. 1620) passed the House on March 17, 2021. [...] Among other things, H.R. 1620 would reauthorize funding for VAWA programs and authorize new programs; amend and add definitions used for VAWA programs; amend federal criminal law relating to firearms, custodial rape, and stalking; expand tribal jurisdiction over certain crimes committed on tribal lands; create positions in the Office on Violence Against Women and the Office of Justice Programs to address culturally specific needs; emphasize restorative practices; and add programs to address housing and financial needs among survivors. This report briefly discusses the policy issues commonly associated with VAWA as well as several provisions of H.R. 1620. The bill would make many other changes that are not discussed in detail in the report (e.g., the creation of new grant programs that address issues such as lethality assessments in domestic violence cases). Given the size and broad scope of H.R. 1620, this report primarily focuses on issues that were raised in VAWA reauthorization efforts from the 116th Congress."
CRS Report for Congress, R46742
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/