From the Document: "Romania is a parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential system; the prime minister leads the government, and a directly elected president is head of state and wields some powers in defense and domestic affairs. Prime Minister Florin Cîțu of the center-right National Liberal Party (PNL) has led the current government since December 2020. President Klaus Iohannis (backed by PNL) was elected to a second five-year term in 2019. Romania's bicameral parliament consists of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. Romania has had a volatile political scene over the past few years, characterized by political polarization, unstable governments, and disputes over constitutional prerogatives. From 2017 to 2019, governments led by the center-left Social Democratic Party (PSD) introduced controversial changes to the justice system that drew U.S. and EU criticism and triggered Romania's largest protests since 1989. The PSD government collapsed in late 2019, and PNL-led coalitions have governed since then."
CRS In Focus, IF11801
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/