Subminimum Wage Program: Factors Influencing the Transition of Individuals with Disabilities to Competitive Integrated Employment, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Highlights: "The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 permits, in certain circumstances, the payment of subminimum wages-- wages that are below the federal minimum wage--to individuals with disabilities, often those with intellectual or developmental disabilities. To pay such wages, employers must apply for and hold a 14(c) certificate from the U.S. Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division. As of October 2020, more than 1,200 organizations held or had applied for 14(c) certificates to employ workers with disabilities, often in segregated settings. At the same time, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, calls for maximizing opportunities for individuals with disabilities to earn competitive wages in non-segregated settings. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review the 14(c) program, including how and why individuals transition from 14(c) employment to CIE. This report describes (1) factors that help or hinder transition from 14(c) employment to CIE [competitive integrated employment], and (2) the extent to which the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic might affect this transition."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/