Proposals to Modify Supreme Court Justices' Tenure: Legal Considerations [March 24, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Document: "This report discusses proposals to alter Supreme Court Justices' tenure. The report first explains that, under current law and practice, Justices typically remain on the Court for life unless they retire voluntarily. The report then describes the debate over whether to modify Supreme Court Justices' tenure, including proposals to impose term or age limits for the Supreme Court. While many of those proposals involve amending the Constitution, others would impose term or age limits legislatively. As the report explains, if Congress attempted to alter life tenure by ordinary legislation, a court might hold that legislation unconstitutional. The report then identifies issues Congress may consider if it opts to modify life tenure by amending the Constitution. The report concludes by noting other ways Congress might influence the Court's composition and operations."
CRS Report for Congress, R46731
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/