Department of Justice's Role in Investigating and Prosecuting Hate Crimes [Updated March 18, 2021] [open pdf - 649KB]
From the Document: "In 2019, law enforcement agencies reported 7,314 hate crimes involving 8,812 victims and 6,406 known offenders to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Most hate crimes are investigated by local law enforcement agencies and prosecuted by local district attorneys' offices. However, in some cases hate crimes are investigated and prosecuted by the Department of Justice (DOJ). In the wake of high-profile hate crimes, policymakers might have an interest in the circumstances under which DOJ has jurisdiction over hate crime cases. This In Focus describes when DOJ can investigate hate crimes and how these investigations are conducted."
CRS In Focus, IF11312
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/