California Wildfires: Brief Overview of FEMA Programs and Resources [Updated November 19, 2018] [open pdf - 621KB]
From the Introduction: "This Insight provides a brief overview of the major disaster declaration issued [hyperlink] for the ongoing wildfires in California. It also provides links to selected CRS [Congressional Research Service] products related to the disaster. As authorized under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act [hyperlink], President Trump issued a major disaster declaration [hyperlink] on November 12, 2018. The major disaster declaration allows for the broadest range of assistance to be made available to state and local governments; private, nonprofit organizations; and individuals. The major disaster declaration also effectively supersedes the Fire Management Assistance Grants [hyperlink] (FMAGs) for the California Woolsey Fire [hyperlink], California Hill Fire [hyperlink], and California Camp Fire [hyperlink], as well as the emergency declaration [hyperlink] issued before the major disaster, as the major disaster declaration provides all of the forms of assistance that could be provided by an FMAG and emergency declaration, and more. The declarations trigger assistance programs that are carried out by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA released a summary of the key federal disaster aid programs [hyperlink], administered by FEMA and other federal agencies."
CRS Insight, IN10998
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/