Department of Defense Report to Congress: Annual Freedom of Navigation Report, Fiscal Year 2020   [open pdf - 349KB]

From the Document: "International law as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention recognizes the rights and freedoms of all nations to engage in traditional uses of the sea. These rights and freedoms are deliberately balanced against coastal States' control over maritime activities. As a nation with both a vast coastline and a significant maritime presence, the United States is committed to preserving this legal balance as an essential part of the stable, rules-based international order. [...] 'Excessive maritime claims' are attempts by coastal States to restrict unlawfully the rights and freedoms of navigation and overflight and other lawful uses of the sea. These claims are made through laws, regulations, or other pronouncements that are inconsistent with international law as reflected in the Law of the Sea Convention. [...] For more than 40 years, the U.S. Freedom of Navigation (FON) Program has continuously reaffirmed the United States' policy of exercising and asserting its navigation and overflight rights and freedoms around the world. [...] Every year, DoD releases an unclassified report identifying the excessive maritime claims that U.S. forces operationally challenged over the last fiscal year. Below is a summary of excessive maritime claims that DoD challenged during the period of October 1, 2019, through September 30, 2020, to preserve the rights, freedoms, and uses of the sea and airspace guaranteed to all nations by international law."

Report Number:
Department of Defense, 7-CAD991F
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy: https://policy.defense.gov/
Media Type:
Help with citations