Confucius Institutes in the United States: Selected Issues [Updated March 18, 2021] [open pdf - 494KB]
From the Document: "The People's Republic of China (PRC)'s Confucius Institutes, which offer Chinese language instruction in universities around the world, have been the subject of controversy since appearing on U.S. campuses in 2005, particularly for their perceived effects on academic freedom and lack of transparency. They have attracted further attention in recent years as the broader U.S.-China relationship has deteriorated. Some Members of Congress and others have alleged that they may play a role in China's efforts to influence public opinion abroad, recruit 'influence agents' on U.S. campuses, and engage in cyber espionage and intellectual property theft. PRC officials and scholars deny such charges, and suggest that the Institutes have become victims of a U.S. 'Cold War mentality.' Supporters of the Institutes emphasize that they provide Chinese language and cultural programs that benefit students, universities, and surrounding communities and that may not otherwise be available. [...] Congress has proposed legislation that include restrictions and requirements related to the operation of Confucius Institutes, and which aim to ensure academic freedom, greater transparency, and greater managerial authority by U.S. institutions, and to prohibit the application of PRC laws at U.S. institutions."
CRS In Focus, IF11180
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/