Influence-enza: How Russia, China, and Iran Have Shaped and Manipulated Coronavirus Vaccine Narratives [open html - 0B]
From the Introduction: "To date, much has been written about Russia and China's use of information operations to manipulate coronavirus narratives, including around vaccines. These reports have largely relied on specific examples of Russian and Chinese actors promoting stories that have toed a fine line between sensationalism and outright disinformation. The focus on disinformation is understandable; however, this approach risks missing the steady drumbeat of factual but, in aggregate, misleading coverage that can shape public opinion over time. It has also allowed those countries and their state media outlets to claim that their reporting has been misrepresented. [...] To test these and other claims, this report analyzes more than 35,000 vaccine-related messages captured by ASD's [Alliance for Securing Democracy] Hamilton 2.0 dashboard, an open-source tool that collects and displays outputs from Russian, Chinese, and Iranian diplomats, government officials, and state media outlets on Twitter, YouTube, and state-sponsored news websites. Although this report highlights vaccine-related narratives promoted across multiple platforms, comparative analysis was conducted on Twitter data collected during a three-month period commencing on November 9, 2020, the day Pfizer-BioNTech announced it had successfully completed its phase 3 trial. The studied time frame (November 9, 2020-February 9, 2021) also covers the announcements of several major vaccine developments, including the European Union's decision to authorize the use of the Moderna and Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccines and China's approval of its homegrown Sinovac and Sinopharm vaccines."
German Marshall Fund of the United States. Alliance for Securing Democracy
Alliance for Securing Democracy: https://securingdemocracy.gmfus.org/