From the Document: "Ten years after a 2011 uprising toppled longtime authoritarian leader Muammar al Qadhafi, Libya has yet to make a transition to stable governing arrangements. Militias, local leaders, and coalitions of national figures backed by competing foreign patrons have remained the most powerful arbiters of public affairs. [...] The U.N. Security Council has authorized financial and travel sanctions on those responsible for threatening 'the peace, stability or security of Libya,' obstructing or undermining 'the successful completion of its political transition,' or supporting others who do so. In parallel to these U.N. measures, U.S. executive orders provide for U.S. sanctions on those threatening peace in Libya. Congress has conditionally appropriated funding for transition support, stabilization, security assistance, and humanitarian programs for Libya since 2011. In the 117th Congress, companion legislation introduced in the House of Representatives and Senate (H.R. 1228 and S. 379), would authorize future U.S. assistance, provide a legislative basis for U.S. sanctions, and establish new reporting requirements. Congress allocated not less than $30 million in FY2021 aid for 'stabilization assistance for Libya, including support for a United Nations-facilitated political process and border security' under P.L. [Public Law] 116-260."
CRS In Focus, IF11556
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/