Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA): Workers' Compensation for Federal Employees [Updated March 17, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) is the workers' compensation program for federal employees. Like all workers' compensation programs, FECA pays disability, survivors, and medical benefits, without regard to who was at fault, to employees who are injured or become ill in the course of their federal employment and to the survivors of employees killed on the job. The FECA program is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) and the costs of benefits are paid by each employee's host agency. U.S. Postal Service (USPS) employees currently comprise the largest group of FECA beneficiaries and are responsible for the largest share of FECA benefits. [...] This report also focuses on several key policy issues facing the program, including the disproportionate share of claims and program costs attributed to postal workers, the payment of FECA benefits after retirement age, the overall level of FECA disability benefits as compared with those offered by the states, the administration of the FECA program, the costs associated with prescriptions for compounded medications, and efforts to limit the use of opioids by FECA beneficiaries. In 2020, DOL issued guidance establishing special procedures for federal employees with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) to determine if their exposure was related to their employment, and thus compensable under FECA. Section 4016 of P.L. [Public Law] 117-2, the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, created a presumption of eligibility for FECA benefits for federal employees with COVID-19."
CRS Report for Congress, R42107
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/