From the Document: "The public health community has long known that pandemics are sure bets, that they are certain to intermittently visit upon us devastating degrees of illness, death, and economic loss. The current COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic is just the latest in a series of pandemics that historians have traced back thousands of years. Caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), COVID-19 has become the worst pandemic since the flu pandemic of 1918-1919, which killed tens of millions of people around the globe. As January 2021 was coming to a close, COVID-19 was closing in on 100 million infections and already had surpassed 2.1 million deaths worldwide, including well over 25 million infections and 420,000 deaths in the United States. [...] Just as massive wildfires can be prevented by putting out smaller fires before they spread, so too can localized outbreaks of disease be quashed or prevented before they grow into pandemics. With that dynamic in mind, DARPA [Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency] has been managing an audacious portfolio of projects designed to generate pandemic-stopping know-how and to act on that knowledge by dramatically reducing the time it takes to scale-up the means for preventing, diagnosing, and treating any infectious disease that might arise, even ones the world has never seen before. The pillars of DARPA's pandemic portfolio fall into the categories of prevention, diagnostics, and treatments."
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency: https://www.darpa.mil/