MES Insights: Projecting Power: Proto-State-Building by Sunni Islamist Rebel Groups (Volume 12, Issue 1) [open pdf - 433KB]
This February 2021 edition of the MES Insights published by the Middle East Studies (MES) program of the Marine Corps University contains the following article: "Projecting Power: Proto-State-Building by Sunni Islamist Rebel Groups" by Christopher Anzalone. From the Document: "The Somali Sunni Islamist insurgent/rebel organization Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen (Al-Shabaab), arguably one of Al-Qaeda's most successful and resilient regional affiliates, continues to control and exercise governing authority over a large swath of central and southern Somalia. Al-Shabaab's rebel-insurgent proto-state has existed for over a decade, this despite the fact that the group is opposed by the international community and the numerically and technologically superior military forces of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and Somali federal government forces that receive significant support - financial, military and logistics training, and, in the case of the U.S. military, also operational intelligence - from the U.S. and the European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM-S)."
Marine Corps University: https://www.usmcu.edu/
MES Insights (February 2021), v.12 issue 1