European Union One Health 2019 Zoonoses Report   [open pdf - 6MB]

From the Abstract: "This report of the EFSA [European Food Safety Authority] and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control presents the results of zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2019 in 36 European countries (28 Member States (MS) and eight non-MS). The first and second most reported zoonoses in humans were campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, respectively. The EU trend for confirmed human cases of these two diseases was stable (flat) during 2015-2019. The proportion of human salmonellosis cases due to 'Salmonella' Enteritidis acquired in the EU was similar to that in 2017-2018. Of the 26 MS reporting on 'Salmonella' control programmes in poultry, 18 met the reduction targets, whereas eight failed to meet at least one. The EU prevalence of 'Salmonella' target serovar-positive flocks has been stable since 2015 for breeding hens, laying hens, broilers and fattening turkeys, with fluctuations for breeding turkey flocks. 'Salmonella' results from competent authorities for pig carcases and for poultry tested through national control programmes were more frequently positive than those from food business operators. Shiga toxin-producing 'Escherichia coli' (STEC) infection was the third most reported zoonosis in humans and increased from 2015 to 2019. Yersiniosis was the fourth most reported zoonosis in humans in 2019 with a stable trend in 2015-2019. The EU trend of confirmed listeriosis cases remained stable in 2015-2019 after a long period of increase. 'Listeria' rarely exceeded the EU food safety limit tested in ready-to-eat food. In total, 5,175 food-borne outbreaks were reported. 'Salmonella' remained the most detected agent but the number of outbreaks due to 'S.' Enteritidis decreased. Norovirus in fish and fishery products was the agent/food pair causing the highest number of strong-evidence outbreaks. The report provides further updates on bovine tuberculosis, 'Brucella, Trichinella, Echinococcus, Toxoplasma', rabies, West Nile virus, 'Coxiella burnetii' (Q fever) and tularaemia."

Report Number:
2021 European Food Safety Authority European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Posted here with permission. Document is under a Creative Commons license and requires proper attribution and noncommercial use to be shared: [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/]
Retrieved From:
European Food Safety Authority: https://www.efsa.europa.eu/
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