From the Summary: "After a scale-up of non-pharmaceutical interventions implemented by several Member Sates starting from the end of October, a recent overall decreasing trend in the 14-day COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] notification rate and in the weekly test positivity proportion for the EU/EEA [European Economic Area] and the UK has been observed. However, SARS-CoV-2 [severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2] transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK remains high compared with the low levels observed over the summer. The end-of-year festive season is traditionally associated with activities such as social gatherings, shopping and travelling, which would pose significant additional risks for intensified transmission of SARS-CoV-2. An aggravating factor is that there are reports of what has been described as 'pandemic fatigue', with some people becoming de-motivated to follow recommended protective measures, especially during this period. [...] Based on the current epidemiological situation in most EU Member States, any adaptation of measures should be undertaken in a targeted, proportionate and coordinated manner, according to the prevailing epidemiology and population vulnerability at the level at which the measures are applied. These measures should be communicated clearly in order to mitigate the risk of increased transmission during the end-of-year season, while also taking into account the social, personal and economic impact for the population."
2020 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/