State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress [Updated February 23, 2021]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Introduction: "Federal law has regulated money in elections for more than a century. Concerns about limiting the potential for corruption and informing voters have been at the heart of that law and related regulations and judicial decisions. Restrictions on private money in campaigns, particularly large contributions, have been a common theme throughout the history of federal campaign finance law. The roles of corporations, unions, interest groups, and private funding from individuals have attracted consistent regulatory attention. Congress has also required that certain information about campaigns' financial transactions be made public. Collectively, three principles embodied in this regulatory tradition--limits on sources of funds, limits on contributions, and disclosure of information about these funds--constitute ongoing themes in federal campaign finance policy. [...] This report is intended to provide an accessible overview of major policy issues facing Congress. Citations to other CRS [Congressional Research Service] products, which provide additional information, appear where relevant. The report discusses selected litigation to demonstrate how those events have changed the campaign finance landscape and affected the policy issues that may confront Congress, but it is not a constitutional or legal analysis. As in the past, this version of the report contains both additions of new material and deletions of old material compared with previous versions. This update emphasizes those topics that appear to be most relevant for Congress, while also providing historical background that is broadly applicable. This report will be updated occasionally as events warrant."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R41542
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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