From the Document: "The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having widespread economic, social, and political effects on Latin America and the Caribbean, a region with strong congressional interest because of deep U.S. linkages. As of February 22, 2021, the region had almost 20.8 million confirmed cases (18.6% of cases worldwide) and over 661,000 deaths (26.7% of deaths worldwide). Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and Peru had the highest numbers of deaths in the region, and Brazil had the second-highest death toll worldwide, after the United States. The regional rankings change in terms of per capita deaths-- Mexico had the highest recorded deaths per capita, followed by Peru, Panama, Colombia, and Brazil. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported on February 24 that although infections were declining in many countries in the region, there were increased outbreaks in Peru along the border areas with Brazil and Colombia and several Caribbean countries were reporting a rise in infections. A University of Washington COVID-19 projection model (updated February 20, 2021) forecasts deaths in Latin America and the Caribbean could reach over 924,000 by June 1, 2021."
CRS In Focus, IF11581
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/