COVID-19 Trends Among Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) Living in Residential Group Homes in New York State Through July 10, 2020 [open pdf - 0B]
From the Document: "An early report [hyperlink] warned that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) may be at higher risk during the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic. Three reasons for concern were proposed. First, people with IDD are a socially disadvantaged population that experiences comparatively higher levels of health disparities that may be aggravated during the pandemic. Additionally, people with IDD have a higher prevalence of pneumonia, a respiratory infection initially identified as possibly leading to more severe COVID-19 outcomes. Finally, a disproportionate percentage of the IDD population resides in congregate settings, presenting increased challenges to physically distance and reduce the spread of the virus. Results from early studies confirmed the concern that COVID-19 presents a more severe risk to people with IDD. In a study [hyperlink] analyzing real-time electronic medical data of those with COVID-19, people with IDD had a higher prevalence of co-occurring medical conditions associated with more severe COVID-19 outcomes and higher case-fatality rates. Those conditions included respiratory, endocrine, nutritional, metabolic, and circulatory diseases. A second study [hyperlink] reported higher COVID-19 case rate, case-fatality rate, and mortality rate among a sample of adults with IDD that lived in Medicaid waiver funded residential group homes in New York State."
Lerner Center Research Brief No. 32
Syracuse University Research Facility and Collaborative Environment (SURFACE): https://surface.syr.edu/